Modifiers[ edit ] Familiaritytransfer-appropriate processingthe self-reference effectand the explicit nature of a stimulus modify the levels-of-processing effect by manipulating mental processing depth factors. Familiarity[ edit ] A stimulus will have a higher recall value if it is highly compatible with preexisting semantic structures Craik,
It evolved from the needs of writers rather than those of mathemeticians, only later merging with the computer field. The invention of printing and moveable type at the end of the Middle Ages 2 was the initial step in this automation.
But the first major advance from manual writing as far as the individual was concerned was the typewriter. Henry Mill, an English engineer of the early eighteenth century, is credited with its invention. The fact that almost nothing is known about his early version today is evidence of its lack of success.
It began to be marketed commercially inrather improbably by a gun manufacturing company, E.
Businesses, which had hitherto had their records and correspondence written and copied by hand, found their paperwork could be done more quickly and legibly on the typewriter. Shultz Company's introduction of the automatic or repetitive typewriter, perhaps the greatest step from the typewriter towards modern word processing.
The Shultz machine's main innovation was automatic storage of information for later retrieval.
It was a sort of "player typewriter," punch-coding text onto paper rolls similar to those used in player pianos, which could later be used to activate the keys of the typewriter in the same order as the initial typing. The bulky paper roll machine was succeeded by a device called the Flexowriter, which used paper tape.
This had a key that allowed the deletion of mistakes from the tape and copies by punching a "non-print" code over the code for the character erroniously typed. Long passages of text could be deleted or moved by literally cutting the tape and pasting it back together.
This could print faster than the traditional typewriter. Magnetic tape was the first reusable storage medium for typed information. On the tape, information could be stored, replayed that is, retyped automatically from the stored informationcorrected, reprinted as many times as needed, and then erased and reused for other projects.
This development marked the beginning of word processing as it is known today. It was a translation of the German word textverabeitung, coined in the late s by Ulrich Steinhilper, an IBM engineer. He used it as a more precise term for what was done by the act of typing. The cards could then be used to recall and reprint text.
These were useful mostly to companies which sent out large numbers of form letters. However, only about one page-worth of text could be stored on each card. With the screen, text could be entered and corrected without having to produce a hard copy.
Printing could be delayed until the writer was satisfied with the material. Developed by IBM in the early s for use in data processing that is, traditional number computationit was soon adopted by the word processing industry.
Previous storage media could only hold one or two pages of text, but the early disks were capable of holding 80 to pages.Word Processing Expert Level (Word Level 2) Chapter 6 Concepts Check study guide by jennifer_tillman includes 10 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Level 2 Assignment A V Combining word processing, spreadsheet and database applications to present information (/) 3 3 Open a new blank document, using portrait orientation, and modify the margins to.
2 Level 2 Using word processing software to adapt and merge documents () Insert your name and Printout-2 in the footer and print a copy of the unmerged document showing the merge fields. F9D7 04 (ESKWP2): Word Processing Software 2 1 F9D7 04 (ESKWP2): Word Processing Software 2 4 SCQF credit points at SCQF level 5 Description: This is the ability to use a software application designed for the creation, editing and production of largely text-based documents.
Word processing equipment must be used to complete the examination. Centres must ensure that the recall material for this examination is available for candidates. This includes a letterhead template. Word Processing Software iTQ Level 2 94 © CiA Training Ltd Word XP Exercise 55 - Merging The hardest part of mail merge is the creation of the main and data source.