The Civil War that raged across the nation from to was the violent conclusion to decades of diversification. Gradually, throughout the beginning of the nineteenth century, the North and South followed different paths, developing into two distinct and very different regions.
And the s was a decade of more population growth for the North. According to the census, the US population was 31, — an increase of 39 percent in one decade. Inthe South had about 8 million whites, compared to about 20 million in the North.
Southerners complained of the advantage that the North had in attracting immigrants — although the North with its different kind of economy could absorb the increase of free people better than could the South. What Southern planters wanted was more slaves.
Cotton production had been growing, from million pounds in to around one billion inand to 2. The number of slaves in the US at the beginning of the century was 1. According to the census it was 3,, almost all in the South. In the US, slave mortality rates had been exceeding slave birth rates, and the growth in slave population was dependent on the illegal importing of new slaves from Africa.
The United States and most Western nations had declared the slave trade with Africa to be piracy and punishable by death, but only the British had been seriously combating the trade. From to the US had seized only 19 ships transporting slaves, and of those 19 only 6 were prosecuted.
The British in this same period had seized nearly ships and had prosecuted all but The North and South were different in a variety of ways. The North, especially New England, had a greater percentage of middle-class people. It had more small manufacturing industries, capitalists and banking.
By there were 1, cotton-goods factories in the United States, two-thirds of them in New England, which was importing cotton from the South and using water power from its rivers.
By the North had more than 1, woolen mills, most of them individually owned, producing blankets, flannel and worsteds. Firearms and furniture were being produced in the North. There were boot makers and shoemaking — a winter occupation for New England farmers and fishermen. And people were investing in labor saving machinery — advancing technology in order to reduce manual labor or labor costs.
New England was also the heart of sea born commerce in the United States. By the late s, ships powered by steam engines were replacing sailing ships in hauling freight and passengers across the Atlantic Ocean, the new technology and competition reducing shipping rates.
Foreign commerce grew dramatically in the s and s.
Life and Death in Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments of Corporal John Wesly Minnich, C.S.A. and Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, U.S.A. [J Michael Martinez] . North and South is the title of three American television miniseries broadcast on the ABC network in , , and Set before, during, and immediately after the American Civil War, they are based on the s trilogy of novels North and South by John Jakes. The first installment, North and South, remains the seventh-highest rated miniseries in TV history. Who Was the Common Soldier of America’s Civil War? How Many Fought About million soldiers fought in the Civil War — 2 million for the North and , for the South.
The North was manufacturing power looms and exporting them to Europe. Ships owned by Northerners were shipping the South's cotton to Europe, mainly to Britain — cotton being two-thirds of US exports. Northern communities were an anthill of activity.
There were not yet many city parks, pleasure resorts, or much game playing. The Puritan work ethic prevailed, people working long hours and six days per week. College rowing was the only competitive sport, the average adult seeing leisure and games as a waste of time.
But oddity shows had begun — the Jerry Springer shows of that time but with real freaks, some fake freaks and dwarfs — as had been practiced by kings. Orchestras were beginning to appear in the bigger cities, and operas were performed, while in New England the name "theater" was in bad repute and the names "museum" or "athenaeum" were used instead.
In the s a boom in railroad development across the North was changing business organization and management and reducing freight costs.
Railroads were influencing a rise in real estate values, increasing regional concentrations of industry, the size of business units and stimulating growth in investment banking and agriculture.
Wheat production was moving westward with the rail lines. The federal government was granting federal lands to states for building railroads, and railroad companies were selling their land grants they had received from the federal government to individuals as farm sites.
The Northern economy was still largely farming — small farms — with adolescents having time for fishing and hunting. The North was growing mainly food, and farmers were investing in steel plows and mechanical reapers, which were reducing the labor and time required to plant and harvest.
In the North was still plenty of misery. Plumbing — what there was of it - froze in the winter, and in the s most homes were still heated by wood or coal in open furnaces.
Cooking used the same fuel, while whale oil was being used in lamps in the cities and candles were still being used in rural areas.
Health care was still largely in a realm of ignorance, with no one knowing how to cure tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria, yellow fever, typhus and other diseases.
But in the North was some optimism, with predictions that electricity and machinery would be transforming life and relieving mankind of drudgery. New England was more devoted to education than was the South. Of the nation's public high schools only 30 were in the South.Who Was the Common Soldier of America’s Civil War?
How Many Fought About million soldiers fought in the Civil War — 2 million for the North and , for the South. According to an census, the US population was 23,, – up from 13 million in And the s was a decade of more population growth for the North.
According to the census, the US population was 31,, – an increase of 39 percent in one decade. In , the South had about 8. List three differences and three similarities between life in the North and the South in the years before the Civil War. Discuss how these differences contributed to .
Life and Death in Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments of Corporal John Wesly Minnich, C.S.A. and Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, U.S.A. [J Michael Martinez] . North and South is the title of three American television miniseries broadcast on the ABC network in , , and Set before, during, and immediately after the American Civil War, they are based on the s trilogy of novels North and South by John Jakes.
The first installment, North and South, remains the seventh-highest rated miniseries in TV history. Life in the North and South Before the Civil War.
Students will be using primary and secondary sources to compare life in the North to life in the south in the antebellum period. Jessica L. Classroom teacher. Show More.
My Grades K, 1, 2, 8. My Subjects English Language Arts, Social Studies. Save Changes.