How did NATO affect the cold war? The foundation of NATO inthen its activities and expansionin the decades that followed, affected the Cold War in a curiouslydouble-sided fashion.
American neo-isolationists thought that the alliance had outlived its purpose, but moderates of both parties shuddered to think of a world without it and recalled that its function had been not… Historical background After World War II inwestern Europe was economically exhausted and militarily weak the western Allies had rapidly and drastically reduced their armies at the end of the warand newly powerful communist parties had arisen in France and Italy.
What became known as the Iron Curtaina term popularized by Winston Churchillhad descended over central and eastern Europe. Further, wartime cooperation between the western Allies and the Soviets had completely broken down. Each side was organizing its own sector of occupied Germany, so that two German states would emerge, a democratic one in the west and a communist one in the east.
Truman second from left and Vice President Alben W. Barkley left look on. In the United States launched the Marshall Planwhich infused massive amounts of economic aid to the countries of western and southern Europe on the condition that they cooperate with each other and engage in joint planning to hasten their mutual recovery.
It was soon recognized, however, that a more formidable alliance would be required to provide an adequate military counterweight to the Soviets.
By this time BritainCanada, and the United States had already engaged in secret exploratory talks on security arrangements that would serve as an alternative to the United Nations UNwhich was becoming paralyzed by the rapidly emerging Cold War.
Organization Spurred by the North Korean invasion of South Korea in Junethe United States took steps to demonstrate that it would resist any Soviet military expansion or pressures in Europe.
The North Atlantic Council, which was established soon after the treaty came into effect, is composed of ministerial representatives of the member states, who meet at least twice a year.
At other times the council, chaired by the NATO secretary-general, remains in permanent session at the ambassadorial level. The Military Committee, consisting of representatives of the military chiefs of staff of the member states, subsumes two strategic commands: NATO funding generally is not used for the procurement of military equipment, which is provided by the member states—though the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force, a fleet of radar-bearing aircraft designed to protect against a surprise low-flying attack, was funded jointly.
Beginning inthis policy was supplemented by the deployment of American nuclear weapons in western European bases. President Ronald Reagan in Afterhowever, far-reaching economic and political reforms introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev fundamentally altered the status quo.
In July Gorbachev announced that Moscow would no longer prop up communist governments in central and eastern Europe and thereby signaled his tacit acceptance of their replacement by freely elected and noncommunist administrations. In keeping with the first objective, NATO established the North Atlantic Cooperation Council ; later replaced by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council to provide a forum for the exchange of views on political and security issues, as well as the Partnership for Peace PfP program to enhance European security and stability through joint military training exercises with NATO and non-NATO states, including the former Soviet republics and allies.
Special cooperative links were also set up with two PfP countries: Some observers argued that the alliance should be dissolved, noting that it was created to confront an enemy that no longer existed; others called for a broad expansion of NATO membership to include Russia.
Most suggested alternative roles, including peacekeeping. By the start of the second decade of the 21st century, it appeared likely that the EU would not develop capabilities competitive with those of NATO or even seek to do so; as a result, earlier worries associated with the spectre of rivalry between the two Brussels-based organizations dissipated.
In the concurrent debate over enlargement, supporters of the initiative argued that NATO membership was the best way to begin the long process of integrating these states into regional political and economic institutions such as the EU. Some also feared future Russian aggression and suggested that NATO membership would guarantee freedom and security for the newly democratic regimes.Identify and explain the significance of two of the following in the development of the Cold War: COMECON; Marshall Plan; NATO; Warsaw Pact.
(Nov ) Compare and contrast the economic policies and military alliances of the USSR and USA after NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization April 4th, Purpose: to safeguard the freedom, common heritage, and security of its members through political and military means.
It was founded on the principle of democracy and individual liberty. Identify and explain the significance of two of the following in the development of the Cold War: COMECON; Marshall Plan; NATO; Warsaw Pact. In what ways, and with what results, was Germany the key focus of the early stages of the Cold War?
NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
After the destruction of the Second World War, the nations of Europe struggled to rebuild their economies and ensure their security.
The Warsaw Pact was, however, the first step in a more systematic plan to strengthen the Soviet hold over its satellites, a program undertaken by the Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolay Bulganin after their assumption of power early in Marshall Plan vs Comecon Today I'll be doing the second part of my write up, the Marshall Plan vs The Comecon.
USA - Marshall Plan. It was - A mechanism for CONTAINMENT, Part 1 of 3 Origins of Cold War; NATO vs Warsaw Pact February (2) About Us. Kang Raye, Shao Hao, Jonathan, Don.