Social Protests Social Protests The modern civil rights movement grew out of a long history of social protest. In the South, any protest risked violent retaliation. Even so, between andcommunity leaders in many Southern cities protested segregation. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACPthe leading civil rights organization of this era, battled racism by lobbying for federal anti-lynching legislation and challenging segregation laws in court.
Classical culture[ edit ] The Hippie movement has found historical precedents as far back as the Mazdakist movement in Persiawhose leader the Persian reformer Mazdak, advocated communal living, the sharing of resources, vegetarianism and free love. Lebensreform In the late s and early s the German Lebensreform movement emphasized the goodness of nature, the harms to society, people, and to nature caused by industrialization, the importance of the whole person, body and mind, and the goodness of "the old ways".
In contrast to these formal clubs, Wandervogel emphasized amateur music and singing, creative dress, and communal outings involving hiking and camping.
Many moved to Southern California, where they could practice an alternative lifestyle in a warm climate. In turn, young Americans adopted the beliefs and practices of the new immigrants. One group, called the Nature Boys, who included William Pestertook to the California desert, raised organic food, and espoused a back-to-nature lifestyle.
Many of the original Beats remained active participants, notably Allen Ginsbergwho became a fixture of the anti-war movement. On the other hand, Jack Kerouac broke with Ginsberg and criticized the s protest movements as an "excuse for spitefulness".
Both Leary and Ginsberg were introduced to LSD by Michael Hollingshead in the early s, and both became instrumental in popularizing psychedelic substances to the hippie movement. Ginsberg was also at the infamous Democratic National Conventionand was friends with Abbie Hoffman and other members of the Chicago Seven.
Stylistic differences between beatniks, marked by somber colors, dark shades and goatees, gave way to colorful psychedelic clothing and long hair worn by hippies.
While the beats were known for "playing it cool" and keeping a low profile, hippies became known for displaying their individuality. Written init was published April 28, —two days before its author was killed in a motorcycle crash.
Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters are remembered chiefly for the sociological significance of a lengthy roadtrip they took intraveling across the United States in a psychedelically painted school bus enigmatically labeled Furtherand for the "Acid Tests".
Kesey believed that psychedelics were best used as a tool for transforming society as a whole, and believed that if a sufficient percentage of the population had the psychedelic experience then revolutionary social and political changes would occur.
Therefore, they made LSD available to anyone interested in partaking - most famously through the "electric kool-aid" made available at a series of "Acid Tests"; musical and multi-media events where participants were given "acid", the street name for LSD.
The tests were held at various venues in California, and were sometimes advertised with colorful crayoned signs asking "Can you pass the acid test? The young psychedelic music band the Grateful Dead supplied the music during these events.
Red Dog Experience[ edit ] Main article: In AprilChandler A. Laughlin III established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately 50 people who attended a traditional, all-night peyote ceremony which combined a psychedelic experience with traditional Native American spiritual values.
Opposition to the Vietnam War Although there were many diverse groups and elements protesting the US military involvement in Vietnam as it began to escalate, many of the protesters, rightly or wrongly, came to be associated with aspects of the "hippie" movement in the popular view.
A number of them had been highly active in the Civil Rights Movement in the first half of the s, traveling across the country to take part in sit-ins and marches against segregation in the South.
The first draft card burnings took place May 12,in New York City. Others followed, including more draft-card burnings in May at the University of California, Berkeley which had already seen a precedent to the subsequent social turmoil, in form of the Free Speech Movementand a coffin was marched to the Berkeley draft board.
In later years, the Viet Cong flag of the "enemy" was even adopted as a symbol by more radical anti-war protesters.
However, the core "hippie" philosophy remained staunchly aloof to politics, and politicians, throughout this time. Generation[ edit ] The new "hippie" values, e.Hippie: Hippie, member of a (–75), hippies were often not directly engaged in politics, as opposed to their activist counterparts known as “Yippies” (Youth International Party).
certain hippie communes of the s and later, insofar as they sought religious experience, can be classified as cenobitic organizations.
Hippies created their own communities, listened to psychedelic music, folk music, and psychedelic rock as a part of their lifestyle and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests and their vision of the world and life.
Hippies opposed Bruce (), Acid Dreams: The Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, the Sixties, and. The s. The s were one of the most tumultuous decades in American history, signified by racial tensions, political assassinations, the war . The student movement was the next major social change movement to develop in the s.
Many of its early organizers had first become politically active in the early s working alongside blacks in civil rights protests. The hippies’ solutions to the problems of institutionalized American society were to either participate in mass protests with their alternative lifestyles and radical beliefs or drop out of society completely.
The Hippie Movement began in the s and was very influential on American politics, law and every day life. This was a time where predominantly the youth started reflecting on social values and experimentation then became the new social norm.
|hippie | History, Lifestyle, & Beliefs | heartoftexashop.com||Each, to varying degrees, changed government policy and, perhaps more importantly, changed how almost every American lives today. Why did black and white children attend separate schools?|
|s: Counterculture and Civil Rights Movement | heartoftexashop.com - HISTORY||As the s gave way to the s, the Beats and beatniks gradually gave way to a new kind of counterculture:|
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