There is a double level of fiction in all three of these periodicals: Bickerstaff is an elderly, benevolent astrologer who enjoys relating humorous stories about his family and friends while good-naturedly poking fun at himself. In contrast, The Spectator has as its narrator Mr. Spectator, the most taciturn member of The Spectator Club and the undisputed master observer of human nature and human foibles.
Background[ edit ] Addison was born in MillstoneWiltshirebut soon after his birth his father, Lancelot Addison, was appointed Dean of Lichfield and the Addison family moved into the cathedral close. Inhe addressed a poem to John Drydenand his first major work, a book of the lives of English poets, was published in His translation of Virgil 's Georgics was published in Sir richard steele as an essayist same year.
Political career[ edit ] Addison returned to England at the end of For more than a year he remained unemployed, but the Battle of Blenheim in gave him a fresh opportunity to distinguish himself.
The government, specifically Lord Treasurer Godolphincommissioned Addison to write a commemorative poem about the battle, and he produced The Campaign, which was received with such satisfaction that he was appointed Commissioner of Appeals in Halifax's government.
A biography of Addison states: He had always believed that England's power depended upon her wealth, her wealth upon her commerce, and her commerce upon the freedom of the seas and the checking of the power of France and Spain. Magazine founder[ edit ] Joseph Addison: Later, he helped form the Kitcat Club and renewed his friendship with Richard Steele.
In they started The Spectator. His last publication was The Freeholder, a political paper, in — Plays[ edit ] He wrote the libretto for Thomas Clayton 's opera Rosamond, which had a disastrous premiere in London in He followed this effort with a comedic play, The Drummer Based on the last days of Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensisit deals with conflicts such as individual liberty versus government tyranny, Republicanism versus Monarchismlogic versus emotion, and Cato's personal struggle to retain his beliefs in the face of death.
It has a prologue written by Alexander Pope and an epilogue by Samuel Garth. It continued to grow in popularity, especially in the America, for several generations. It is cited by some historians as a literary inspiration for the American Revolutionbeing known to many of the Founding Fathers.
General George Washington sponsored a performance of Cato for the Continental Army during the difficult winter of at Valley Forge. According to John J. Miller"no single work of literature may have been more important than Cato" for the leaders of the American revolution.
Patrick Henry 's famous ultimatum: John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon were inspired by the play to write an epistolary exchange entitled, Cato's Letterson individual rights, using the name "Cato.
Juba, prince of Numidiaone of Cato's warriors, loves Cato's daughter Marcia. Meanwhile, Sempronius, a senator, and Syphax, a general of the Numidians, are conspiring secretly against Cato, hoping to prevent the Numidian army from supporting him.
In the final act, Cato commits suicide, leaving his followers to make their peace with the approaching army of Caesar—an easier task after Cato's death, since he was Caesar's most implacable enemy.
It is sung either to the tune known as "London Addison's " by John Sheeles, written c. The later part of Addison's life was not without its troubles. His political career continued, and he served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department from to His political newspaper, The Freeholder, was much criticized, and Alexander Popein An Epistle to Dr Arbuthnotmade him an object of derision, naming him "Atticus", and comparing him to an adder"willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike.
Addison's shyness in public limited his effectiveness as a member of Parliament. He eventually fell out with Steele over the Peerage Bill of InAddison was forced to resign as Secretary of State because of his poor health, but he remained an MP until his death at Holland House, Londonon 17 June age Addison was buried in Westminster Abbey.
After his death, an apocryphal story circulated that Addison, on his deathbed, had sent for his wastrel stepson to witness how a Christian man meets death.
Contribution[ edit ] It is as an essayist that Addison is remembered today. Addison began writing essays quite casually.
Regarding Addison's help, Steele remarked, "when I had once called him in, I could not subsist without dependence on him". On 1 MarchThe Spectator was published, and it continued until 6 December The Spectator was issued daily and achieved great popularity. It exercised an influence over the reading public of the time.
Addison soon became the leading partner in The Spectator. He contributed essays out a total of ; Steele wrote Addison also assisted Steele with the Guardian which began in Memoirs Of The Life And Writings Of Sir Richard Steele: Soldier, Dramatist, Essayist, And Patriot, With His Correspondence, And Notices Of His The Wits And Statesmen Of Queen Anne's Time [Henry Riddell Montgomery] on heartoftexashop.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This is a reproduction of a book published before This book .
Sir Richard Steele Edit Profile dramatist essayist journalist politician writer Steele was born in Dublin, Ireland in March to Richard Steele, an attorney, and Elinor Symes (née Sheyles); his sister Katherine was born the previous year.
Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Sir Richard Steele, Soldier, Dramatist, Essayist, and Patriot; With His Correpondence, and Notices of His of Queen Anne's Time. Two Volumes, Vol. II Paperback – October 4, I must not omit that Sir Roger is a justice of the quorum; that he fills the chair at a quarter-session with great abilities, and three months ago gained universal applause, by explaining a .
The Tatler: The Tatler, a periodical launched in London by the essayist Sir Richard Steele in April , appearing three times weekly until January At first its avowed intention was to present accounts of gallantry, pleasure, and entertainment, of poetry, and of foreign and domestic news.
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