These lines, spoken by Lysistrata and her friend Calonice at the beginning of the play,  set the scene for the action that follows. Women, as represented by Calonice, are sly hedonists in need of firm guidance and direction. Lysistrata, however, is an extraordinary woman with a large sense of individual and social responsibility. She has convened a meeting of women from various city states in Greece there is no mention of how she managed this feat and, very soon after confiding in her friend about her concerns for the female sex, the women begin arriving.
Plot[ edit ] The play begins with Strepsiades suddenly sitting up in bed while his son, Pheidippides, remains blissfully asleep in the bed next to him.
Strepsiades complains to the audience that he is too worried about household debts to get any sleep — his wife the pampered product of an aristocratic clan has encouraged their son's expensive interest in horses. Strepsiades, having thought up a plan to get out of debt, wakes the youth gently and pleads with him to do something for him.
Pheidippides at first agrees to do as he's asked then changes his mind when he learns that his father wants to enroll him in The Thinkery, a school for wastrels and bums that no self-respecting, athletic young man dares to be associated with.
Strepsiades explains that students of The Thinkery learn how to turn inferior arguments into winning arguments and this is the only way he can beat their aggrieved creditors in court.
Pheidippides however will not be persuaded and Strepsiades decides to enroll himself in The Thinkery in spite of his advanced age.
There he meets a student who tells him about some of the recent discoveries made by Socrates, the head of The Thinkery, including a new unit of measurement for ascertaining the distance jumped by a flea a flea's foot, created from a minuscule imprint in waxthe exact cause of the buzzing noise made by a gnat its rear end resembles a trumpet and a new use for a large pair of compasses as a kind of fishing-hook for stealing cloaks from pegs over the gymnasium wall.
Impressed, Strepsiades begs to be introduced to the man behind these discoveries. The wish is soon granted: Socrates appears overhead, wafted in a basket at the end of a rope, the better to observe the Sun and other meteorological phenomena.
The philosopher descends and quickly begins the induction ceremony for the new elderly student, the highlight of which is a parade of the Clouds, the patron goddesses of thinkers and other layabouts. The Clouds arrive singing majestically of the regions whence they arose and of the land they have now come to visit, loveliest in all being Greece.
Introduced to them as a new devotee, Strepsiades begs them to make him the best orator in Greece by a hundred miles. They reply with the promise of a brilliant future. Socrates leads him into the dingy Thinkery for his first lesson and The Clouds step forward to address the audience.
Putting aside their cloud-like costumes, The Chorus declares that this is the author's cleverest play and that it cost him the greatest effort. It reproaches the audience for the play's failure at the festival, where it was beaten by the works of inferior authors, and it praises the author for originality and for his courage in lampooning influential politicians such as Cleon.
The Chorus then resumes its appearance as clouds, promising divine favours if the audience punishes Cleon for corruption and rebuking Athenians for messing about with the calendar, since this has put Athens out of step with the moon.
Socrates returns to the stage in a huff, protesting against the ineptitude of his new elderly student.
He summons Strepsiades outside and attempts further lessons, including a form of meditative incubation in which the old man lies under a blanket while thoughts are supposed to arise in his mind naturally. The incubation results in Strepsiades masturbating under the blanket and finally Socrates refuses to have anything more to do with him.
The Clouds advise him to find someone younger to do the learning for him. His son, Pheidippides, subsequently yields to threats by Strepsiades and reluctantly returns with him to the Thinkery, where they encounter the personified arguments Superior Right and Inferior Wrongassociates of Socrates.
Superior Argument and Inferior Argument debate with each other over which of them can offer the best education.Aristophanes' Satire in Lysistrata Aristophanes takes up the issue of war in the cities of ancient Greece and satirizes war for the loss of life and property it has caused.
Through a conflict between the sexes, he exposes the futility of war and the devastation it has brought about. The woman uses sex as a weapon to stop men from making war. This selection of lapidary nuggets drawn from 33 of antiquity’s major authors includes poetry, dialogue, philosophical writing, history, descriptive reporting, satire, and fiction—giving a glimpse at the wide range of arts and sciences, thought and styles, of Greco-Roman culture.
Essay on Lysistrata genders and the role that each are expected to fulfill is a predominant issue that can be seen throughout history and in literature.
In the comedic Greek play, “ Lysistrata ” by Aristophanes, both women and men are characterized by stereotypical thoughts; that men are the providers who have authority, and women are wild, impractical caretakers of the household.
Feb 01, · In 'Lysistrata', Aristophanes expresses satire visually though masks, the physical appearance of the choruses, and through the use of implicit and explicit sexual references including double-entendre, exaggerated phalluses and the sexualisation of the ‘women’ in the play as satire, as a means of developing character and of giving the comedy wide appeal.
Lysistrata (/ l aɪ ˈ s ɪ s t r ə t ə / or / ˌ l ɪ s ə ˈ s t r ɑː t ə /; Attic Greek: Λυσιστράτη, Lysistrátē, "Army Disbander") is a comedy by Aristophanes. Originally performed in classical Athens in BC, it is a comic account of a woman's extraordinary mission to end the Peloponnesian War by .
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