The data from to comes from the statistical yearbook in Beijing the data from to are in Appendix 1. The value of P is the price index in the current year which is calculated based on the fixed price in
Jeremy Greenwood Abstract In my dissertation, I study how legal institutions and financial system affect innovation and their impact on economic growth. This dissertation consists of two chapters.
degree of innovation and demographic changes, have had an adverse effect on the understand the relationship between business cycles and economic growth, it may be The second causal relationship is an effect of economic growth on business cycles. As the global population continues to urbanize in pursuit of a higher quality of life, the need to investigate the trade-off between the economic benefits and environmental costs of urbanization. WORKING PAPER Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth Past experiences, current knowledge and policy implications Pontus Braunerhjelm.
The themes of chapter 1 and 2 are intellectual property rights and the venture capital system, respectively. Chapter 1 studies the impact of intellectual property rights on the business scope of firms. Stronger intellectual property rights induce specialization and contribute to economic growth.
In the United States, a sweeping legal reform in created a more pro-patent legal environment. This legal reform fostered specialization and enhanced firm performance.
Around the world, countries experience faster economic growth when their innovating sectors are characterized by a higher level of specialization. An endogenous growth model with endogenous firm boundaries is developed to disentangle the relationship between legal institutions, firm boundary decisions, and economic growth.
I characterize the optimal strength of patent rights and evaluate the actual patent law enforcement in the United States. The pro-patent legal reform in was welfare-enhancing, but it was too extreme. Swinging back the legal pendulum and weakening patent rights can improve welfare.
Chapter 2 evaluates the contribution of venture capital VC to promoting entrepreneurship and spawning innovation. We assemble the stylized facts of venture capital, innovation, and economic growth.
Funding by venture capitalists is positively associated with patenting activity. VC-backed firms have higher IPO values when they are floated.
At the country level, VC investment is positively linked with economic growth. The relationship between venture capital and growth is examined using an endogenous growth model incorporating dynamic contracts between entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.
The model is matched with stylized facts about venture capital; viz. We examine how the innovative activity is affected by the capital gains tax rate.
Raising capital gains taxation reduces growth and welfare. Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations.The objective of the study is to find out the impact of innovation on economic growth, the long run relationship between economic growth and other economic variables using Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) unit root test and Johansen's test of co-intergration.
for science and technology which plays more and more essential role in economic growth in the future. In the middle of last century, R. Solow () and T.
Swan () proved that technology and science is the key factor of economic growth for one country. This study examined the relationship between financial innovation and economic growth in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka for the period Q1 to Q4 Apr 10, · The relationship between economic globalization and economic growth is important especially for economic policies.
Recently, researchers have claimed that the growth effects of globalization depend on the economic structure of the countries during the process of globalization. As the global population continues to urbanize in pursuit of a higher quality of life, the need to investigate the trade-off between the economic benefits and environmental costs of urbanization.
innovation, and the latter, in turn, generate faster economic growth, through cost saving technologies and new products and services. Related to the first premise is the issue of.