The program looks at the beginnings of American history from west to east, following the first Ice Age migrations through the corn civilizations of Middle America, and the explorations of Columbus, DeSoto, and the Spanish.
Background[ edit ] Like the First Great Awakening a half century earlier, the Second reflected Romanticism characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the super-natural.
Pietism was sweeping German countries. Each denomination had assets that allowed it to thrive on the frontier. The Methodists had an efficient organization that depended on itinerant ministers, known as circuit riders, who sought out people in remote frontier locations.
The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert. Postmillennialism Postmillennialism theology dominated American Protestantism in the first half of the 19th century.
Postmillennialists believed that Christ will return to earth after the "millennium", which could entail either a literal 1, years or a figurative "long period" of peace and happiness.
Christians thus had a duty to purify society in preparation for that return. This duty extended beyond American borders to include Christian Restorationism. George Fredrickson argues that Postmillennial theology "was an impetus to the promotion of Progressive reforms, as historians have frequently pointed out.
By the s, however, the great day had receded to the distant future, and postmillennialism became a more passive religious dimension of the wider middle-class pursuit of reform and progress. Burned-over district In the early nineteenth century, western New York State was called the " burned-over district " because of the highly publicized revivals that crisscrossed the region.
Pritchard uses statistical data to show that compared to the rest of New York State, the Ohio River Valley in the lower Midwest, and the country as a whole, the religiosity of the Burned-over District was typical rather than exceptional. Most of the Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolutionary War settled in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and down the spine of the Appalachian Mountains.
Baptists and Methodist revivals were successful in some parts of the Tidewater in the South, where an increasing number of common planters, plain folkand slaves were converted. Revival of In the newly settled frontier regions, the revival was implemented through camp meetings.
These often provided the first encounter for some settlers with organized religion, and they were important as social venues.
Settlers in thinly populated areas gathered at the camp meeting for fellowship as well as worship. The sheer exhilaration of participating in a religious revival with crowds of hundreds and perhaps thousands of people inspired the dancing, shouting, and singing associated with these events.
Upon their return home, most converts joined or created small local churches, which grew rapidly. The first informal camp meeting began there in June, when people began camping on the grounds of the Red River Meeting House.
One year later, an even larger sacrament occasion was held at Cane Ridge, Kentucky under Barton Stone, attracting perhaps as many as 20, people.
Numerous PresbyterianBaptist and Methodist ministers participated in the services.
Thanks to such leaders as Barton W. Stone — and Alexander Campbell —the camp meeting revival became a major mode of church expansion for the Methodists and Baptists.
Cane Ridge was also instrumental in fostering what became known as the Restoration Movement. This was made up of non-denominational churches committed to what they saw as the original, fundamental Christianity of the New Testament.
Churches with roots in this movement include the Churches of ChristChristian Church Disciples of Christand the Evangelical Christian Church in Canada  Church membership soars[ edit ] Methodist camp meeting The Methodist circuit riders and local Baptist preachers made enormous gains; to a lesser extent the Presbyterians gained members, particularly with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church in sparsely settled areas.
As a result, the numerical strength of the Baptists and Methodists rose relative to that of the denominations dominant in the colonial period—the Anglicans, Presbyterians, Congregationalists. A source estimated at least three female converts to every two male converts between and Young people those under 25 also converted in greater numbers, and were the first to convert.Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc.
And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.
A page in the Encyclopedia of Marxism. Blake, William () English poet, painter, and printmaker, and radical, who lived during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Stephen Wolfram shares what he learned in researching Ada Lovelace's life, writings about the Analytical Engine, and computation of Bernoulli numbers.
The American Documents for the Study of History AMDOCS is maintained by an unfunded group of volunteers dedicated to providing quality materials for free public access, and was founded in A Note and a disclaimer. The Note: This great book should really be read by heartoftexashop.com is difficult to describe why it so great because it both teaches and inspires.
You really just have to read it. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from heartoftexashop.com