Behaviorism[ edit ] This theoretical framework was developed in the early 20th century based on animal learning experiments by Ivan PavlovEdward ThorndikeEdward C. TolmanClark L. Hulland B. Many psychologists used these results to develop theories of human learning, but modern educators generally see behaviorism as one aspect of a holistic synthesis.
Conclusions and Recommendations 1.
Introduction Information is the key factor in any kind of Research and development. The information itself and way it is accessed have undergone changes owing to the development in information and communication technology.
According to information it is considered as a fifth need of human after ranking air, water, food and shelter. Information technology entered into Libraries, especially Academic Libraries and research libraries during s. Quick and easy access to every required information is a supreme importance especially in Academic Libraries.
Information processing, storage, communication, dissemination of information automation etc, further origin of Internet and development of Overview of ict Wide Web, revolutionized the information communication technology.
Based on this the application of ICT in libraries become essential to provide the facilities of the user community. The computers used to process and store data, while telecommunications technology provides information communication tools. Which make it possible for users to access databases and link them other computer networks at different locations.
Need for the Study The study reveals the drawbacks of the information access through print media. It elucidates the wide growing gap in volume of consumption between print media and electronic media by contemporary professional and Non professional students of colleges studying in Chennai city.
The study is confined to the impact of ICT information on the Access pattern of professional and Non professional students of colleges studying in Chennai city. Further their attitudes towards ICT information also measured.
It also proves how far ICT information make impact on the access pattern among the users of both professional and non professional and the extent of ICT information being increasingly used rather than print resources. In this context the study is needed in the present scenario. Applications of ICT in Academic Libraries Now a days there are several information communication technology for various housekeeping, management and administrative functions of the library, different electronic and digital media, computer aided electronic equipments, networks and internet has provided significant role in retrieval and dissemination of information and playing an vital role for modernization of libraries main of them are: Library Automation Library Automation is the concept of reducing the human intervention in all the library services so that any user can receive the desired information with the maximum comfort and at the lowest cost.
Major areas of the automation can be classified into two-organization of all library database and all housekeeping operations of library.
Library Networking Library networking means a group of Libraries and Information Centers are interconnected for some common pattern or design for information exchange and communication with a view to improve efficiency. Library Management Library Management includes the following activities which will certainly be geared up by the use of these fast ICT developments, Classification, Cataloging, Indexing, Database creation, Database Indexing.
Digital Library A digital library is an assembled of digital computing, storage and communication machinery together with the content and software needed to reproduce, emulate and extend the services provided by conventional libraries based on paper and other material means of colleting, cataloging, finding and disseminating information.
A full service digital library must accomplish all essential services of traditional libraries and also exploit the well-known advantage of digital storage, searching and communication. It provides access to part of or all its collection, such as plain texts, images, graphics, audio and video materials and other library items that have been electronically converted, via the internet and www.
Technical Communication Technical Communication consisting of technical writing, editing, publishing, DTP systems etc.
As a result, library users are placing new demands on their libraries. They require access to the latest information, updated information resources and access to ICT facilities that they could use in their work. Use of ICT in libraries enhances users satisfaction.
It provides numerous benefits to library users. Some of the benefits are: In libraries, information technology has assisted library professionals to provide value added quality information service and give more remote access to the inter-nationally available information resources.
Information technologies promise fast retrieval of stored information and revolutionize our concept of the functions of a traditional library and a modern information center. Recently technological developments have dramatically changed the mode of library operations and services Modern ICT is impacting on various aspects of libraries and the information profession.
Advancements in ICT and the wide spread use of ICT is resulting in digital information sources and digital media replacing and becoming the dominant form of information storage and retrieval. ICT with its tremendous information sources, rapid transmission speed and easy access ensures the satisfaction of the user with complex demand, break down the distance barrier and shortened the time required and ensure the right information to the right reader at the right time.
It is really an excellent tool for the Library information centers. Components of ICT in Libraries Chisenga quoted that ICT came about as a result of the digital convergence of computer technologies, telecommunication technologies and other media communication technologies.XtensiveICT is an Information and Communication Technology training provider that provides I.T training to address the scarcity of qualified proffessionals.
On January 18, , the U.S. Access Board published a final rule updating accessibility requirements for information and communication technology (ICT) covered by Section of the Rehabilitation Act and Section of the Communications Act. This document provides an overview of the rule and highlights substantive changes to the ICT requirements.
Kansas' largest airport, served by six airlines: Alaska Airlines, Allegiant Air, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, and United Airlines.
On January 18, , the Access Board published a final rule that jointly updates requirements for information and communication technology covered by Section of the Rehabilitation Act and Section of the Communication Act. The Section Standards apply to electronic and information technology procured by the federal government, including computer hardware and software, websites.
Sep 19, · With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. 3 ICT enhancing teaching and learning process The field of education has been affected by ICTs, which have undoubtedly affected teaching, learning and research (Yusuf, ).ICTs have the potential to accelerate, enrich, and deepen.