Consumption of electricity was 93 million kWh. Gas is now produced and refined locally. Offshore oil exploration took place during the early s. Under study as alternatives to fossil fuels are wind power, surplus bagasse from the sugar refinery, and fast-growing tree species.
College sports' most scandalous year? Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. Jim Tressel resigned as Ohio State's coach earlier this year.
Story highlights Before Penn State and Syracuse, other schools were rocked by scandals this year "There is no question this is the most scandal-plagued collegiate year ever," Eddie George says But one sports historian says had more damaging scandals than this year Even as early as last summer -- when several big name college programs were roiling under allegations of improper gifts, academic fraud and recruiting violations -- sports analysts had dubbed the year of college sports scandals.
But then came the fall, when the child abuse allegations at Penn State and Syracuse eclipsed everything that came before. Allegations that, many said, exposed the ugly underbelly of long-buried secrets at these august traditions.
By June, the school had suspended several players, its legendary football coach Jim Tressel had resigned, it was banned from a bowl game next season and the university was placed on probation for three years.
Southern Cal dominated headlines early in with the continued fallout about former Trojans running back Reggie Bush. The NCAA said Bush and his family received thousands of dollars in improper gifts and benefits, including cars and a house, from would-be sports agents while he was at USC.
In June, authorities announced that USC would have to forfeit its national championship win. North Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee, LSU and Georgia Tech also had their reputation sullied under allegations of academic fraud and recruiting violations.
Then came what many thought -- at least at the time -- the worst scandal of the year for college sports. In August, a report surfaced that a booster showered University of Miami players for years with cash and jewelry, paid their restaurant and nightclub tabs and supplied them with prostitutes.
The college is still under investigation about the allegations that Nevin Shapiro leveled against it. November brought allegations that Jerry Sandusky, the former Penn State defensive coordinator had sexually abused young boys over a span of at least 14 years. Prosecutors contended Sandusky -- who coached at Penn State for 23 years and remained a presence on campus after his retirement -- met the boys through a youth charity he founded, and abused them in the basement of his home, hotel rooms, a high school wrestling room and the locker room for Penn State's football team.
Sandusky has pleaded not guilty to all charges, saying in interviews that while he may have "horsed around" with children, he never sexually assaulted them. But the fallout was wide-ranging.
The school's former athletic director and a university vice president who oversaw campus police will face trial for not going to the authorities when one of the alleged sexual assault was brought to their attention.
And Joe Paterno, who had served as head coach since and sent more than former players to the NFL, lost his job amid criticism that he hadn't done more when the allegations surfaced.
Later in November, Syracuse fired its assistant basketball coach, Bernie Fine, after three people, including two former ball boys, said he molested them for years. No charges have been filed against Fine, but multiple investigations have been launched. But Ronald Smith, a retired Penn State professor, disagrees that this year is college sports' most scandalous.
The historian says that ignominious distinction belongs to That year, three City College of New York were arrested for conspiring with gamblers and fixing games. The arrests were just the tip of a thread that kept unraveling. In the end, the investigation led to the arrest of 32 players from six other colleges: Also that year, a cheating scandal at West Point led to the dismissal of 37 Army football team members.
It also turned the college's focus away from the football program, a powerhouse until then. The photos showed the Oklahoma defensive tackle, who was white, punching Drake's black running back during two plays.
The running back, Johnny Bright, was the nation's leading rusher at the time, and Drake was unbeaten. But when the attack knocked Bright out, Oklahoma went on to win. The gambling and point-shaving scandals in were incredibly damaging because they put the authenticity of games in question and could have severely damaged all of college sports, Smith said.
There will be so many civil suits. And students are now wondering if their Penn State degrees will hurt them in their job search.
Sack, the University of New Haven professor, agreed. Penn State and, specifically, Coach Paterno had a great reputation for running a clean sports program, he said.
It makes you wonder -- God, what could be next?Jan 26, · Jemele Hill, co-host of ESPN’s SportsCenter, is leaving the show to work for The Undefeated, an ESPN website that covers race sports and culture, she announced on .
Feb 29, · David Ridpath is an associate professor of sports administration in the College of Business at Ohio University. Return to Top.
Questions or concerns about this article?Author: Gerald S. Gurney And B. David Ridpath. Above all, Eduardo has helped me through his example of being a brave pioneer. In , long before the term biotech art existed and before any periodical ran more than the odd article on art composed of live materials, Roger Malina invited me to serve as editorial adviser on art and biology for Leonardo.
It did not take me too long to pick up the tone Needham was using throughout his article. Needham's tone was one of great annoyance and frustration. Needham wanted the entire nation to know what was going on in college athletics. Most importantly he wanted his message to reach those who cou.
An antitrust economist with a subspecialty in sports economics, he’d spent the last couple of hours chewing over the news that ten individuals, including four men’s college basketball. The May/June issue of Tallahassee Magazine feature's the Silver Sisterhood; a group of women who embrace growing older, the life and times of Mike Martin, & all about different salaries in the.