Share List of Narcotic Drugs Since the beginning of time, people have been formulating and taking narcotic drugs. In fact, narcotics are one of the oldest classifications of substances known to mankind.
The English word narcotic is derived from the Greek narkotikoswhich means "numbing" or "deadening. Description Historical background Narcotics are the oldest as well as the strongest analgesicsor pain-relieving drugs, known to humans.
Ancient Sumerian and Egyptian medical texts dated as early as B. Traditional Chinese medicine recommended the opium poppy, known to Chinese physicians as ying su kefor the treatment of asthmasevere diarrheaand dysentery as well as chronic pain and insomnia. Opium latex contains between 10 and 20 percent morphine, which in its purified form is a white crystalline powder with a bitter taste.
Narcotics are central nervous system depressants that produce a stuporous state in the person who takes them. These drugs often induce a state of euphoria or feeling of extreme well-being, and they are powerfully addictive. The body quickly builds a tolerance to narcotics in as little as two to three days, so that greater doses are required to achieve the same effect.
Because of the addictive qualities of these drugs, most countries in the twenty-first century have strict laws regarding the production and distribution of narcotics.
These laws became necessary when opium addiction in the nineteenth century became a widespread social problem in the developed countries.
Opium, which was the first of the opioids to be widely used, had been a common folk remedy for centuries that often led to addiction for the user; in fact, many popular Victorian patent medicines for "female complaints" actually contained opium.
The invention of the hypodermic needle in the mid-nineteenth century, however, increased the number of addicts because it allowed opioids to be delivered directly into the bloodstream, thereby dramatically increasing their effect. Classification of narcotics As of the early s, narcotics are commonly classified into three groups according to their origin: Natural derivatives of opium: Narcotics in this group include morphine itself and codeine.
Partially synthetic drugs derived from morphine: These drugs include heroin, oxycodone OxyContinhydromorphone Dilaudidand oxymorphone Numorphan. Synthetic compounds that resemble morphine in their chemical structure: Narcotics in this group include fentanyl Duragesiclevorphanol Levo-Dromoranmeperidine Demerolmethadone, and propoxyphene Darvon.
Narcotics are available in many different forms, ranging from oral, intramuscular, and intravenous preparations to patches that can be applied to the skin fentanyl.
Illegal street heroin can be taken by inhalation as well as by injection. How narcotics work The central nervous system in humans and other mammals contains five different types of opioid receptor proteins, located primarily in the brain, spinal cord, and digestive tract.
Narcotics do not, however, reduce or eliminate the cause of the pain. When a narcotic medication stimulates these receptor proteins, the person typically experiences intense sensations of euphoria or well-being.
The speed with which these drugs take effect depends on the method of administration; IV narcotics reach their peak effectiveness within ten minutes, while oral narcotics take about an hour and a half, and skin patches take between two and four hours.
Overdoses of narcotics can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and even death because these drugs suppress respiration. General use Narcotics have several legitimate uses: Doctors frequently prescribe oral codeine and propoxyphene alone or in combination with aspirin for pain control after oral surgery, for severe menstrual cramps, and for temporary pain relief after other outpatient surgical procedures.
Subsequent methods of administering opioids following surgery include a sustained-release injected form of morphine sulfate DepoMorphine and a patient-controlled transdermal system E-TRANS that releases doses of fentanyl when the patient pushes a button attached to the arm or upper chest.
Intravenous narcotics may also be used for palliative care, to relieve the pain of patients diagnosed with terminal cancer. Antitussives are medications given to control coughing.
Codeine is often effective in relieving severe coughs and is a common ingredient in prescription cough mixtures. Paregoric, a liquid preparation containing powdered opium, anise oil, and glycerin, is sometimes prescribed for severe diarrhea.
The opium in paregoric works to control diarrhea because it slows down the rhythmic contractions of the intestines that ordinarily move food through the digestive tract.Types of Narcotic Drugs.
Whether they are pharmaceutically produced or made in home laboratories, narcotics are drugs produced from a base of heartoftexashop.com called "opiate drugs" in order to differentiate them from other classes of drugs.
Statutory classification of a drug as a narcotic often increases the penalties for violation of drug control statutes. For example, although federal law classifies both cocaine and amphetamines as "Schedule II" drugs, the penalty for possession of cocaine is greater than the penalty for possession of amphetamines because cocaine, unlike amphetamines, is classified as a narcotic.
Most of the remaining list of narcotics are classified as Schedule II drugs, which are legal for prescription use, but still have a high risk of addiction. Codeine is classified as either a Schedule III, IV or V drug, depending on the strength in milligrams of the dosage/5(14).
Narcotics work by binding to receptors in the brain, which blocks the feeling of pain. You should not use a narcotic drug for more than 3 to 4 months, unless your provider instructs you otherwise.
These drugs can be abused and habit-forming. They have been associated with accidental overdose deaths. Narcotic drugs work on pain receptors in the brain to relieve pain.
If you have pain that isn't relieved by a narcotic drug or NSAID alone, speak to . Types of Narcotic Drugs. Whether they are pharmaceutically produced or made in home laboratories, narcotics are drugs produced from a base of opium.
Often called "opiate drugs" in order to differentiate them from other classes of drugs, they are the same things. Opiate drugs are also called opioids.