Charles Darwin English scientist. Generally regarded as the most prominent of the nineteenth-century evolutionary theorists, Charles Darwin is primarily known for his On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, the publication of which in ushered in a new era of naturalistic thinking that was to influence not only the field of biological science, but also the disciplines of art, literature, philosophy, and theology. In the work Darwin identified genetic mutation and natural selection as the mechanisms that controlled the development of species. His theory introduced the concept of ever-present competitive struggle in nature, thereby decentering the commonly held Romantic view of nature as a benign, even benevolent force, and pushed the role of God to the margins of human existence on earth.
In my case, I have a background in the biological sciences. Introduction We are living through a long period of change, extending over hundreds of years, from a predominately religious world-view to, hopefully, a predominately secular humanist world-view.
Life and death issues like voluntary euthanasia, stem cell research, same sex relationships, and abortion, represent the tip of an iceberg of deep differences in views; with secular humanists being broadly accepting and supportive of legalising these practices, and with the most fanatical opponents belonging to the more fundamentalist religions.
This means that since the late s an emerging, humanistic view of life has been in tension with the long Charles darwin and humanistic theories essay Judeo-Christian absolutist, religious perspective. One person whose highly significant contribution underpins the secular humanist world-view, is Charles Darwin.
This has led we humanists, along with other secularists to mark the importance of his contribution by celebrating his birthday, on the 12 February, as Darwin Day.
As he was born init will be the two hundredth anniversary of his birth injust two years away. We can therefore talk about a pre-Darwin world-view and a post-Darwin world-view.
Each were created fully formed and unchangeable — hence concept of fixed or immutable species. The Earth and presence of life was no older than implied by the biblical account. Therefore calculated as a mere few thousand, rather than many millions of years old.
The concept of the Great Chain of Being. Where to place creatures on the Great Chain of Being was much discussed. Humans, who were deemed a superior life form, were the sole possessor of a soul. To violate their rulings was to sin!
Because life was god-given and sacred, in theory there should be no killing or taking of life. Murder and suicide were considered seriously sinful and immoral, and this was reflected in the law.
Human death was believed to be transcended by passage into an afterlife, of a heaven or a hell. It was therefore desirous that individual lives conform to the dictates of the Christian ideal.
The duty of man is to please god! The concept of hierarchy, as conceived in the idea of the Great Chain of Being, lent substance to socially stratified practices such as certain individuals and their family members were of a higher status, e. Generally the darker the colour, the lower down the Great Chain of Being.
These views were held as certain and true. Morals rules were supposed to be god-given. Ethical principles were considered absolute. These views were associated with religious rituals, ceremonies and practices that many found deeply satisfying.
Most people participated in church-going, and rites of passage. To not do so, often incurred social ostracism and exclusion from full participation in society These views were pervaded with a sense that the god-given account was the One and Only True Account of How Things Really Are!
This brief summary covers some of the main beliefs of a western, world view, well in place by around CE Common Era, a secular substitute for ADwhen Christianity had succeeded in pushing all alternative views to the cultural margins. A little later this was followed by the scientific revolution, along with great advances in technology, leading to the industrial revolution.
Around was the turmoil of social upheaval of the Enlightenment period, when the use of reason, got legs as an idea. By the late s, with the great expansion of the natural sciences and accumulation of new knowledge, increasing numbers of people began thinking for themselves. Some questioned the veracity of religion and declared themselves, deists at the weak-end and atheists, freethinkers, secularists and rationalists at the stronger end of a rather broad spectrum of beliefs.
What it had lacked, until Darwin and Alfred Wallace, was a plausible mechanism of how species might change and evolve, one into another. From a young boy, Darwin had an interest in nature. The 5-year voyage on the HMS Beagle enabled Darwin to add a phenomenal amount of first-hand observations of the diverse animals and plant species, and South American fossils to his existing knowledge.- Charles Darwin’s theory and evolution Introduction: Charles Darwin was an English scientist who developed the theory of evolution which had been around for long period of time which gave him fame during his life and after his death.
Thomas Malthus, Charles Lyell and Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution Thomas Malthus and Charles Lyell were two figures who influenced Darwin's theories. Malthus was an influence through his book on the population principle.
Essay on Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection - When the name Charles Darwin is uttered, an immediate association brings about the concept of Evolution. Although he was not the first to "discover" this . In , Charles Darwin published his book “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle of Life.” and even in some instances joined in fusion to advance humanistic disciplines ‘ promotion.
The theory of development is important to society non merely because of its. Essay on Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection - More than a century after his death, and four generations after the publication of his chief work, "The Origin of Species", Charles Darwin may still be considered the most controversial scientist in the world.
Charles Darwin & Herbert Spencer Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection. Herbert Spencer was the major philosopher of biological and social evolution.