Introductory Statement We thank our God for the blessings of the last two years. We have found a profound unity among ourselves on the issues of vital importance to our Reformed testimony.
References and Further Reading 1. Facts and Theories of Religious Diversity Scholars distinguish seven aspects of religious traditions: Smart Religious traditions differ along all these dimensions.
These are the undisputed facts of religious diversity. It is arguably the doctrinal and philosophical aspects of a religion which are foundational, in that the other aspects can only be understood in light of them.
Prothero; Yandella. History Scholarly study of a wide range of religions, and comparison and evaluation of them, was to a large extent pioneered by Christian missionaries in the nineteenth century seeking to understand those whom they sought to convert.
NetlandTheories of religious diversity have largely been driven by attacks on and defenses of such claims, and discussions continue within the realm of Christian theology.
Such would be the work of a religiously embedded and committed theology of religious diversity, not of a general philosophy of religious diversity. Theories and Associations Many people associate any sort of pluralist theory of religious diversity with a number of arguably good qualities.
These qualities include but are not limited to: In contrast, any non-pluralist theory of religious diversity is associated with many arguably bad qualities. These negative qualities include but are not limited to: These, however, are mere associations; there seems to Between unity and diversity historical and no obvious entailments between the theories of religious diversity and the above qualities.
In principle, it would seem that an exclusivist or inclusivist may have all or most of the good qualities, and one who accepts a theory of religious pluralism may have all or most of the bad qualities.
These connections between theory and character - which are believed by some to provide practical arguments for or objections to various theories - need to be argued for.
But it is very rare for a scholar to go beyond merely assuming or asserting some sort of causal connection between the various theories about religious diversity and the above virtues and vices.
Religious Pluralism A theory of religious pluralism says that all religions of some kind are the same in some valuable respect s. While this is compatible with some religion being the best in some other respect sthe theorists using this label have in mind that many religions are equal regarding the central value s of religion.
This would be the view of many naturalists, who hold that all religions are the product of human imagination, and fail to have most or all of the values claimed for them. Byrne ; Feuerbach a. Naive Pluralisms Though naive pluralisms are not common amongst scholars in relevant fields, they are important to mention because they are entertained by many people as they begin to reflect on religious diversity.
An uninformed person, noting certain commonalities of religious belief and practice, may suppose that all religions are the same, namely, that there are no significant differences between religious traditions. This naive pluralism is refuted by accurate information on religious differences. This is because they cannot be empirically verified, that is, their truth or falsity is not known by way of observational evidence.
There are three serious problems with verificationist pluralism.
First, some religious claims can be empirically confirmed or disconfirmed. Second, the claim that meaningfulness requires the possibility of empirical verification has little to recommend it, and is self-refuting that is, the claim itself is not empirically verifiable.
While there are other sorts of negative naive pluralism, we shall concentrate on positive kinds here, as most of the scholarly literature focuses on those.
Some forms of naive pluralism suppose that all religions will turn out to be complementary. One idea is that all religions would turn out to be parts of one whole either one religion or at least one conglomeration of religions.
This unified consistency may be hoped for in terms of truth, or in terms of practice. With truth, the problem is that it is hard to see how the core claims of the religions could all be true.
For instance, some religions teach that the ultimate reality the most real, only real, or primary thing is ineffable such that no human concept can apply to it. But others teach that the ultimate reality is a perfect self, a being capable of knowledge, will, and intentional action.In a time when energy conservation and environmental protection are considered important, sustainable design is a major step towards sustainable development for libraries.
Between unity and diversity: Historical and cultural foundations of Brazilian management Article (PDF Available) in European Journal of International Management 6(3) · May with Reads.
Theories of Religious Diversity. Religious diversity is the fact that there are significant differences in religious belief and practice. It has always been recognized by people outside the smallest and most isolated communities.
noun, plural u·ni·ties. the state of being one; oneness. a whole or totality as combining all its parts into one. the state or fact of being united or combined into one, as of the parts of a whole; unification.
Biblical Principles of the Unity of the Church I. The Nature of the Church. A. The church is the covenant people of God—the body of people to whom God has made the promise to be their God and they to be his people and he to dwell with them. The term "ecumenism" refers to efforts by Christians of different Church traditions to develop closer relationships and better heartoftexashop.com term is also often used to refer to efforts towards the visible and organic unity of different Christian denominations in some form..
The adjective ecumenical can also be applied to any interdenominational initiative that encourages greater.